Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act

The Well-being of Future Generations Act is about improving the social, economic, environmental and cultural well-being of Wales.

It will make the public bodies listed in the Act think more about the long-term, work better with people and communities and each other, look to prevent problems and take a more joined-up approach.

This will help us to create a Wales that we all want to live in, now and in the future.

To make sure we are all working towards the same vision, the Act puts in place seven well-being goals.

Sustainable Development Principle and Ways of Working

The Act puts in place a ‘sustainable development principle’ which tells organisations how to go about meeting their duty under the Act.

Doing something “in accordance with the sustainable development principle” means that the body must act in a manner which seeks to ensure that the needs of the present are met without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Public bodies need to make sure that when making their decisions they take into account the impact they could have on people living their lives in Wales in the future.

There are five things that public bodies need to think about to show that they have applied the sustainable development principle. Following these ways of working will help us work together better, avoid repeating past mistakes and tackle some of the long-term challenges we are facing.


Why do we need this law?

Wales faces a number of challenges now and in the future, such as climate change, poverty, health inequalities and jobs and growth. To tackle these we need to work together. To give our children and grandchildren a good quality of life we need to think about how the decisions we make now will impact them. This law will make sure that our public sector does this.

For more information on the need for this law see the pages on the Case for Change.


Which public bodies does the Act include?

  • Welsh Ministers
  • Local Authorities (Anglesey, Blaenau Gwent, Bridgend, Caerphilly, Cardiff, Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Conwy, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Gwynedd, Merthyr Tydfil, Monmouthshire, Neath Port Talbot, Newport, Pembrokeshire, Powys, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Swansea, Torfaen, Vale of Glamorgan, Wrexham)
  • Local Health Boards (Abertawe Bro Morganwg (ABMU), Aneurin Bevan, Betsi Cadwaladr, Cwm Taf, Cardiff and Vale, Hywel Dda, Powys)
  • Public Health Wales NHS Trust
  • Velindre NHS Trust
  • National Park Authorities (Brecon Beacons, Pembrokeshire Coast, Snowdonia)
  • Fire and Rescue Authorities (Mid and West Wales, North Wales Wales and South Wales)
  • Natural Resources Wales
  • The Higher Education Funding Council for Wales
  • The Arts Council of WalesSports Council of Wales
  • National Library of Wales
  • National Museum of Wales


More information

For a summary of the Act see a copy of the booklet ‘The Essentials’.

You find out more about the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act on the the Welsh Government website.

A copy of the Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act is on the Government legislation website.